Solar Water Desalination using Multi-effect Water Stills with Reduced internal Pressure

Elsharif, Nabil (2018) Solar Water Desalination using Multi-effect Water Stills with Reduced internal Pressure. Doctoral thesis, Northumbria University.

Text (Doctoral thesis)
Elsharif.Nabil_phd.pdf - Submitted Version

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The application of solar energy is one prospective solution to meet the sharp increase in global energy demand and alleviate the environmental issues, caused by the use of fossil fuels. Solar thermal energy has been actively utilized to operate small-scale desalination systems and solar water stills, which are one of the most promising technologies in the field of seawater desalination.

A desalination system, consisting of multi-effect solar water still coupled to evacuated tube solar collectors and a novel modification of small fluid piston energy converter has been studied at Northumbria University. The task in this research was to experimentally test the possibility of the operation of system with capability to self-reduce the internal pressure inside the still in order to increase its productivity. It was demonstrated that the system was able to achieve vacuum conditions and maintain this level of pressure without using an external vacuum pump.

In the theoretical investigation a thermodynamic mathematical model of the proposed system has been developed and used to solve the governing equations in a Matlab/Simulink environment. The output data was obtained in terms of variation of the pressure and temperatures inside the system as well as its distillate productivity. In the experimental investigation, the above described distillation system was developed at Northumbria University based on a laboratory prototype of a dynamic solar multi-effect water still and fluid piston energy converter designed and built previously by Prof K. Mahkamov. Series of experimental tests and numerical simulations were performed for the climatic conditions of Benghazi city in Libya.

After validation of the mathematical model against previously published theoretical results and the experimental data obtained in this study, further investigations of the influence of decreasing internal pressure on the performance of the system was conducted. Overall, investigations confirm that this novel system demonstrates considerable improvement in the distillate productivity when compared to conventional solar stills.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evacuated water stills, fluid piston energy converter, dynamic solar water stills, mathematical modelling of desalination systems, freshwater productivity
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 12:14
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 22:32

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