Both Semantic Diversity and Frequency Influence Children’s Sentence Reading

Pagán, Ascensión, Bird, Megan, Hsiao, Yaling and Nation, Kate (2020) Both Semantic Diversity and Frequency Influence Children’s Sentence Reading. Scientific Studies of Reading, 24 (4). pp. 356-364. ISSN 1088-8438

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Semantic diversity – a metric that captures variations in previous contextual experience with a word – influences children’s lexical decision and reading aloud. We investigated the effects of semantic diversity and frequency on children’s reading of words embedded in sentences, while eye movements were recorded. If semantic diversity and frequency reflect different aspects of experience that influence reading in different ways, they should show independent effects and perhaps even different processing signatures during reading. Forty-nine 9-year-olds read sentences containing high/low frequency and high/low diversity words, manipulated orthogonally. We observed main effects of both variables, with high frequency and high semantic diversity words being read more easily. These results show that variations in the amount and nature of contextual experience influence how easily words are processed during reading.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Q100 Linguistics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 11:03
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 11:50

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