A blockchain based peer-to-peer trading framework integrating energy and carbon markets

Hua, Weiqi, Jiang, Jing, Sun, Hongjian and Wu, Jianzhong (2020) A blockchain based peer-to-peer trading framework integrating energy and carbon markets. Applied Energy, 279. p. 115539. ISSN 0306-2619

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115539


Prosumers are active participants in future energy systems who produce and consume energy. However, the emerging role of prosumers brings challenges of tracing carbon emissions behaviours and formulating pricing scheme targeting on individual prosumption behaviours. This paper proposes a novel blockchain-based peer-to-peer trading framework to trade energy and carbon allowance. The bidding/selling prices of prosumers can directly incentivise the reshaping of prosumption behaviours to achieve regional energy balance and carbon emissions mitigation. A decentralised low carbon incentive mechanism is formulated targeting on specific prosumption behaviours. Case studies using the modified IEEE 37-bus test feeder show that the proposed trading framework can export 0.99 kWh of daily energy and save 1465.90 g daily carbon emissions, outperforming the existing centralised trading and aggregator-based trading.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smart contract, Blockchain, Carbon mitigation, Peer-to-peer energy trading, Renewable energy sources
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 13:58
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2021 03:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44604

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