High-performance work systems and key employee attitudes: the roles of psychological capital and an interactional justice climate

Miao, Rentao, Bozionelos, Nikolaos, Zhou, Wenxia and Newman, Alexander (2021) High-performance work systems and key employee attitudes: the roles of psychological capital and an interactional justice climate. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 32 (2). pp. 443-477. ISSN 0958-5192

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2019.1710722


While there is evidence that high performance work systems (HPWS) are related to positive employee attitudes, the underlying mechanism is not yet thoroughly understood. Similarly, though the benefits of employees’ psychological capital (PsyCap) in the workplace are well documented, little is known about the extent to which PsyCap stems from the context in which people work. Adopting a multi-level approach and using the ability-motivation-opportunity (AMO) framework and the conservation of resources (COR) theory as theoretical backdrop, we develop and test a moderated mediation model to explain how organization-level HPWS relate to individual employee work attitudes (job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment) that reflect well-being through the mediating mechanism of employees’ PsyCap. Analysis of multi-source data from 569 employees in 44 firms showed that HPWS were positively related to job satisfaction and affective commitment, and that these relationships were partially mediated by PsyCap. Furthermore, moderated path analysis revealed that an interactional justice climate strengthened the direct effect of HPWS on PsyCap and work attitudes as well as the indirect effects of HPWS on work attitudes. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research was funded by The National Social Science Fund of China (Project No: 16BGL099).
Uncontrolled Keywords: High performance work systems, employee well-being, psychological capital, interactional justice climate, conservation of resources, multi-level
Subjects: N100 Business studies
N600 Human Resource Management
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2020 15:46
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 10:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44889

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