A Proposed Approach Integrating DLT, BIM, IoT and Smart Contracts: Demonstration Using a Simulated Installation Task

Li, Jennifer, Kassem, Mohamad, Ciribini, A.L.C. and Bolpagni, M. (2019) A Proposed Approach Integrating DLT, BIM, IoT and Smart Contracts: Demonstration Using a Simulated Installation Task. In: International Conference on Smart Infrastructure and Construction 2019 (ICSIC): Driving data-informed decision-making. ICE Publishing, London, pp. 275-282. ISBN 9780727764669, 9780727764676

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1680/icsic.64669.275


The complementarity among Building Information Modelling (BIM), distributed ledger technology (DLT), smart contracts, and the Internet of Things (IoT) is increasingly acknowledged in industry reports and major national digital transformation initiatives. However, theoretical foundation and empirical evidence to ascertain such a prerogative are still very limited. This paper analyses the interactions between these technologies and proposes an approach that capitalises on their complementarity by linking the physical environment; the digital environment; agreements representing the contract; and the DLT environment. A simulated installation activity is used to verify the conceptual interrelations included in the proposed framework as a proof-of-concept. The simulation reveals how a mini smart contract - for a limited scope such as an installation activity work - can be executed within the proposed approach and how payments can be automated when project delivery is coupled with machine-readable BIM requirements and contract clauses. The paper also discusses the key limitations and challenges facing the adoption of the proposed approach and in particular the diffusion of smart contracts.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Funding information: The authors would like to thank Arch. Lavinia Chiara Tagliabue, PhD and Rigert Seneja of UniBS DICATAM, Prof. Alessandra Flammini, Eng. Stefano Rinaldi and Eng. Flavio Simoncini of UNIBS DU, Eng. Davide Diotti from ESEB School of Buildings in Brescia, Dort. Fulvio Termineiii of Weber Saint-Gobain, Eng. Stefano Cantoni of Gexcel and I.T.I. Impresa Generale S.p.A for the support in developing the simulation illustrated in the paper lead by prof. Angelo Luigi Camillo Ciribini from UniBS DICATAM.
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 13:30
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2022 13:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45004

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