Deterioration of marine concrete exposed to wetting-drying action

Ting, Matthew Zhi Yeon, Wong, Kwong Soon, Rahman, Muhammad and Meheron, Selowara Joo (2021) Deterioration of marine concrete exposed to wetting-drying action. Journal of Cleaner Production, 278. p. 123383. ISSN 0959-6526

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The adverse effects of hostile marine environment on concrete structure have inevitably resulted in huge economic loss and may contribute to catastrophic failure. Concrete is susceptible to weathering, particularly under wetting-drying action (WDA), although its current state of the art is well established. The diverse characteristics of WDA at different site locations have compromised the reliability of laboratory works. The objective of this study is to review the impact of WDA on concrete and to provide an overview of the research trend, aiming to identify the research gap. Concrete deterioration mechanisms in marine environment in respect of WDA are identified. The influential factors of WDA are analyzed. The physical and mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of concrete exposed to WDA are discussed. WDA aggravates concrete deterioration by hastening intrusion of inimical compounds such as chloride, sulphate and carbon dioxide. Chloride convection zone can be expanded by two to three times to cause a significant concrete cover loss. Physical damage of concrete starts with efflorescence staining, followed by mortar delamination, aggregate detachment and concrete spalling, leading to loss of mechanical properties. The use of mineral admixtures such as fly ash and silica fume improves concrete resistance against corrosion, but its refining effect may lead to over-accumulation of chloride, risking the long-term durability. Limited research works are identified on synergy between physical and chemical deteriorations, validation of simulated experiment, volume expansion, mass change and tensile strength of concrete.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concrete performance, Deterioration mechanism, Marine concrete, Wetting-drying action
Subjects: H200 Civil Engineering
H300 Mechanical Engineering
H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2021 09:39
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2021 03:30

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