The Role of Comparative Victim Beliefs in Predicting Support for Hostile versus Prosocial Intergroup Outcomes

Vollhardt, Johanna Ray, Cohrs, J. Christopher, Szabó, Zsolt Péter, Winiewski, Mikołaj, Twali, Michelle Sinayobye, Hadjiandreou, Eliana and Mcneill, Andrew (2021) The Role of Comparative Victim Beliefs in Predicting Support for Hostile versus Prosocial Intergroup Outcomes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 51 (3). pp. 505-524. ISSN 0046-2772

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Collective memories of historical ingroup victimization can be linked to prosocial or hostile intergroup outcomes. We hypothesize that such discrepant responses are predicted by different construals of the ingroup’s victimization in relation to other groups (i.e., comparative victim beliefs). Using improved measures of inclusive and exclusive victim beliefs, with a global or regional reference group, multigroup structural equation modeling showed across four different groups (Armenian Americans [N=265], Jewish Americans [N=297], Hungarians [N=301], Poles [N =468]) that inclusive victim beliefs predict prosocial, conciliatory attitudes, while exclusive victim beliefs predict hostile attitudes towards historical perpetrator groups and (in the Polish and Hungarian samples) religious and ethnic outgroups targeted in the present. Moreover, comparative victim beliefs mediated effects of more general psychological orientations (ingroup superiority, universal orientation, perspective‐taking) on intergroup outcomes. These findings suggest the importance of considering distinct collective victim beliefs, and different contexts in research on collective victimhood.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Parts of this research were funded by grants from the American Psychology Foundation Visionary Grant, the Diamentowy Grant by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (095/DIA/2012/41), and the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFI-119433).
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitudes towards Muslims, attitudes towards refugees, Comparative victim beliefs, exclusive victim beliefs, genocide, inclusive victim beliefs
Subjects: C800 Psychology
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 14:30
Last Modified: 05 May 2022 03:30

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