Biome stability and fragmentation under critical environmental temperature change

Sudakow, Ivan, Vakulenko, Sergey A., Pound, Matthew and Kirievskaya, Dubrava (2023) Biome stability and fragmentation under critical environmental temperature change. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 114. pp. 189-204. ISSN 0307-904X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2022.09.032

Abstract

Critical phenomena in the climate system can cause drastic changes in the state of planetary ecosystems as well the entire biosphere. There also are mechanisms through which the biosphere can make an effect on climate. In this manuscript, we study the nonlinear dynamics of the interaction of the climate system with the biosphere by linking an energy balance climate model to different species competition models. We develop an asymptotic approach to these models and investigate how migration strengthens biome stability and biodiversity. Moreover, we derive relations describing biome boundary shifts under global warming (or cooling) and check those relations against paleo data on plant biome location. Finally, the models demonstrate that critical rates of changes in the environmental temperature dynamics may shift biome stability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The reported study was funded by the the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) and the Royal Society of London (RS), project number 21-51-10004 and IECR2202086. The Russian Science Foundation (RSF), project number 21-71-10052 supported paleodata processing and computational experiments on biodiversity distribution.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biosphere, climate, stability, temperature, critical, biome
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2022 09:53
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 12:47
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50273

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