Public attitudes towards bystander CPR and their association with social deprivation: Findings from a cross sectional study in North England

Charlton, Karl, Scott, Jason, Blair, Laura, Scott, Stephanie, McClelland, Graham, Davidson, Tom, Burrow, Emma and Mason, Alex (2022) Public attitudes towards bystander CPR and their association with social deprivation: Findings from a cross sectional study in North England. Resuscitation Plus, 12. p. 100330. ISSN 2666-5204

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100330

Abstract

Background
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) is undertaken in only 40% of out of hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) in the UK. Lower rates of BCPR and public access defibrillator (PAD) use have been correlated with lower socio-economic status (SES). The aim of this study was to examine knowledge and attitudes towards BCPR and PAD’s using a study specific questionnaire, and to understand how these potentially interact with individual characteristics and SES.

Methods
Cross-sectional study between July-December 2021 across areas of varying SES in North England.

Results
Six hundred and one individuals completed the survey instrument (mean age = 51.9 years, 52.2 % female). Increased age was associated with being less willing to call 999 (p < 0.001) and follow call handler advice (p < 0.001). Female respondents were less comfortable performing BCPR than male respondents (p = 0.006). Individuals from least deprived areas were less likely to report comfort performing CPR, (p = 0.016) and less likely to know what a PAD is for, (p = 0.025). Higher education level was associated with increased ability to recognise OHCA (p = 0.005) and understanding of what a PAD is for (p < 0.001). Individuals with higher income were more likely to state they would follow advice regarding BCPR (p = 0.017) and report comfort using a PAD (p = 0.029).

Conclusion
Individual characteristics such as age and ethnicity, rather than SES, are indicators of knowledge, willingness, and perceived competency to perform BCPR. Policy makers should avoid using SES alone to target interventions. Future research should examine how cultural identity and social cohesion intersect with these characteristics to influence willingness to perform BCPR.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration (ARC) North East and North Cumbria (NENC).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, Bystander help, Defibrillator, Deprivation
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2022 11:42
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2022 11:45
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50656

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