Chronotype: Implications for Epidemiologic Studies on Chrono-Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health

Almoosawi, Suzana, Vingeliene, Snieguole, Gachon, Frederic, Voortman, Trudy, Palla, Luigi, Johnston, Jonathan D, Van Dam, Rob Martinus, Darimont, Christian and Karagounis, Leonidas G (2019) Chronotype: Implications for Epidemiologic Studies on Chrono-Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health. Advances in Nutrition, 10 (1). pp. 30-42. ISSN 2161-8313

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Chrono-nutrition is an emerging research field in nutritional epidemiology that encompasses 3 dimensions of eating behavior: timing, frequency, and regularity. To date, few studies have investigated how an individual's circadian typology, i.e., one's chronotype, affects the association between chrono-nutrition and cardiometabolic health. This review sets the directions for future research by providing a narrative overview of recent epidemiologic research on chronotype, its determinants, and its association with dietary intake and cardiometabolic health. Limited research was found on the association between chronotype and dietary intake in infants, children, and older adults. Moreover, most of the evidence in adolescents and adults was restricted to cross-sectional surveys with few longitudinal cohorts simultaneously collecting data on chronotype and dietary intake. There was a gap in the research concerning the association between chronotype and the 3 dimensions of chrono-nutrition. Whether chronotype modifies the association between diet and cardiometabolic health outcomes remains to be elucidated. In conclusion, further research is required to understand the interplay between chronotype, chrono-nutrition, and cardiometabolic health outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chrono-nutrition, chronotype, nutrition, circadian rhythm, cardiometabolic health, epidemiology
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
D600 Food and Beverage studies
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 12:42
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 12:46

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