A constrained broadband nonlinear energy harvester

Farokhi, Hamed and Ghayesh, Mergen H. (2019) A constrained broadband nonlinear energy harvester. Energy Conversion and Management, 197. p. 111828. ISSN 0196-8904

Farokhi, Ghayesh - A constrained broadband nonlinear energy harvester AAM.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.111828


This paper investigates the nonlinear electromechanical behaviour of a constrained bimorph piezoelectric energy harvester utilising a coupled multi-modal fully nonlinear model, for the first time. The electromechanical system is modelled via using the nonlinear beam theory of Euler-Bernoulli, while assuming an inextensible centreline, and the piezoelectric constitutive equations. The motion constraints are modelled as nonlinear springs, consisting of linear and cubic terms. The coupled electromechanical model, including the electrical circuit equation, is obtained for both parallel and series connections of the piezoelectric layers. The Galerkin scheme is used to discretise the partial differential-type model while retaining a large number of modes to guarantee converged results. Next, the electromechanical model consisting of geometric, inertial, impact, and piezoelectric-type nonlinearities is solved using a well-optimised continuation code. The proposed model and numerical method are verified through comparison to experimental data in the literature. It is shown that adding a tip mass of 50% of the bimorph cantilever mass increase the power output by 263%. Additionally, it is shown that for a power output threshold of 15 mW, the addition of motion constraints results in a 66.8% resonance bandwidth (normalised with respect to first natural frequency) which is almost 10 times the bandwidth of the unconstrained system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy harvester; Broadband; Piezoelectric; Nonlinear energy
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2019 11:26
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 12:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40471

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